(1) Debts prior to constitution. All debts contracted, and
engagements entered into, before the adoption of this
constitution, shall be as valid against the United States,
under this constitution, as under the confederation.
(2) Supremacy of constitution, treaties and laws. This
constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall
be made in pursuance thereof, and all treaties made, or which
shall be made, under the authority of the United States,
shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every
state shall be bound thereby; anything in the constitution or
laws of any state to the contrary notwithstanding.
(3) Oath to support constitution. The senators and
representatives beforementioned, and the members of the
several legislatures, and all executive and judicial
officers, both of the United States and of the several
states, shall be bound, by oath or affirmation, to support
this constitution; but no religious test shall ever be
required as a qualification to any office or public trust
under the United States.