1 . Public acts, records and
proceedings of states. Full faith and credit shall be given
in each state to the public acts, records, and judicial
proceedings of every other state. And the congress may, by
general laws, prescribe the manner in which such acts,
records and proceedings shall be proved, and the effect
2 . Equality of privileges. (1) The
citizens of each state shall be entitled to all privileges
and immunities of citizens in the several states.
(2) Fugitives from justice. A person charged in any state
with treason, felony or other crime, who shall flee from
justice, and be found in another state, shall, on demand of
the executive authority of the state from which he fled, be
delivered up, to be removed to the state having jurisdiction
of the crime.
(3) Fugitives from service. No person held to service or
labor in one state, under the laws thereof, escaping into
another, shall, in consequence of any law or regulation
therein, be discharged from such service or labor, but shall
be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such service or
labor may be due.
3 . Admission of new states. (1) New
states may be admitted by the congress into this Union; but
no new state shall be formed or erected within the
jurisdiction of any other state, nor any state be formed by
the junction of two or more states, or parts of states,
without the consent of the legislatures of the states
concerned, as well as of the congress.
(2) Power of congress over territories. The congress shall
have power to dispose of, and make all needful rules and
regulations respecting the territory or other property
belonging to the United States; and nothing in this
constitution shall be so construed as to prejudice any claims
of the United States, or of any particular state.
4 . Republican form of government -
protection of states. The United States shall guarantee to
every state in this Union a republican form of government,
and shall protect each of them against invasion; and on
application of the legislature or of the executive (when the
legislature cannot be convened) against domestic violence.